[Qing Dynasty Mu Ban New Year Painting] detailed introduction

Who knows the detailed introduction of [Qing Dynasty wooden New Year painting] ~ Thank you, the richer the better!

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  1. New Year Painting Catalog
    [Origin and Development]
    [Four of the New Year Painting]
    [Main production place]
    [Monetar New Year Painting]
    [Beach head New Year Painting]
    [New Year Painting Production Process]


    is a kind of Chinese painting. During the ancient "Gate God Painting" period of the Qing Dynasty, it was officially referred to as the New Year painting. It was a kind of painting and genre unique to China and a form of art that people in the countryside of China. Most of them are used in the new year, the decorative environment, which contains the meaning of blessing the New Year's auspicious and festive, hence the name. Traditional folk New Year paintings are mostly printed with wooden board water. The main producing areas are Tianjin Yangliu Qing, Suzhou Taohuawu and Weifang in Shandong. Shanghai has the "month card" New Year painting, and other places in Sichuan, Fujian, Shanxi, Hebei, and Zhejiang. The old year paintings have different titles due to the size of the frame and the processing. The whole piece is called "Gongjian", and the one -piece paper is called "Sancai". Multi -processing is called "Palace Palace" and "Painting Three Talents". The color is called "Golden Palace" and "Golden Sancai" with golden powder. The product before June was called "green version", and the product after July and August was called "Autumn Edition".
    The traditional New Year painting is mainly woodcut watermark, pursuing a simple style and lively atmosphere, so the lines drawn are simple and bright. The contents include flowers, birds, fat children, golden chickens, spring cows, myths and legends, and historical stories. They express the mood of people's hopes and longing for a happy life. It has strong national characteristics and local atmosphere.
    The three famous "hometown of New Year's painting" in China is: Suzhou Taohuawu, Tianjin Yangliu Qing, Weifang, Shandong. The New Year paintings produced by these places are loved by the people of urban and rural people.
    The regions of the new year paintings are different. Beijing is called "painting" and "health painting". Extraordinary. Today, the local paintings have gradually agreed to be "New Year Painting".
    The year's painting is a folk crafts for the Chinese nation's prayer and welcoming the new. It is a folk art expression that carries the people of the people for the future of the people. Historically, the folk has a variety of names for the year painting: the Song Dynasty was called "paper painting", the Ming Dynasty was called "painting sticker", and the Qing Dynasty was called "painting". Until the Qing Dynasty Daoguang period, literati Li Guangting wrote in the article: "After sweeping, Paste the New Year's painting, and the child's drama. "The year of the year was named.
    The year of the painting screen is simple, colorful, and warm atmosphere. Characters are subject. There are quite a lot of posts for door painting, which is mixed with the concept of "God only protects the house", such as "Shen Tu Yu Bai", "Heavenly Guan", "Qin Qiong Jingde", etc., and the genre (or form) has door painting (independent) A amplitude and pair) four -screen bar and horizontal single -opening single -opening. In the Song Dynasty, the earliest painting of the New Year's paintings is that the earliest wood version of the wood version of the New Year is currently printed by the Southern Song Dynasty. In the middle of the Qing Dynasty, it was particularly popular. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the New Year's paintings have been promoted to the traditional foundation, colorful, and more loved by the people.
    The art of painting in the year is the precedent of Chinese folk art, and it is also a reflection of the history, life, beliefs and customs of Chinese society. Whenever you have bought two new year paintings on the gate at the New Year, almost every one is the same. From the gate to the hall, it is covered with a variety of flowers and rich and rich New Year paintings. The New Year painting plays a certain role in it. Most of the people who are rich and rich, always like to hang Lao Shouxing, Ziwei Star, Fu, Lu, Shou, etc. in the hall. The flowers and birds such as the bamboo chrysanthemums with Meilan are naturally welcomed.
    For thousands of years, New Year's paintings are not only a colorful embellishment, but also the carrier and tools of cultural circulation, moral education, aesthetic communication, and belief inheritance; The New Year paintings of current affairs are also a kind of media that is happy. This content is enough for hundreds of full -book folk art, which contains a complete spirit of Chinese folk.
    The year's painting is also a dictionary of regional culture. From this, you can find the distinctive cultural personality in various regions. These personality factors can not only be identified at a glance in the content of the subject matter of the subject, color, color, lines and different versions of the past year's origin. You can understand all Chinese people from New Year's painting.
    [Edit this paragraph] [Origin and development]
    The year painting originated in the ancient door god painting, and the door god painting appeared as early as the Yaoshun period. According to the Eastern Han Dynasty's "Control", the people in the Han Dynasty had the "Shen Tu" and "Yu Bao" ascension on the door of the Han Dynasty. The earliest painting of the existing New Year is the Song version of "Following the Fang of the Country", which is painted with Wang Zhaojun, Zhao Feiyan, Ban Ji, and Luzhu.
    The other saying: Beginning in the Tang Dynasty. It is generally popular in the Song Dynasty, but it is still mostly posted by the door gods, so the New Year painting can be included.
    During the early Ming Dynasty, the Japanese found two types of Chinese New Year's paintings in Gansu: one was "Four Beautiful Pictures", both of which were made of tall and long -sleeved palaces; Both paintings are covered with the words "Pingyang Ji Family Gagang Lang", which shows that the New Year painting of the characters in the Song Dynasty had a large scale.
    Because Zhu Yuanzhang has advocated the New Year to post the Spring Festival couplet, this development is particularly developed. Today, it was preserved, as well as the most popular colored woodcuts in the Ming Wanli period of the woodcut blessings, the Samsung Map, and Tiandiguan blessing map, etc. The carved work was quite delicate. There are also practical calendar paintings, such as: spring cattle, stove horses, mango, etc.; More historical stories, "Mengmu Chunzi", "Yue Fei Gun Picks the Liang Liang King". "Cowherd Weaver Girl", "White Snake Biography" and so on. As for classical literature such as the Romance of the Three Kingdoms and Water Margin, it is also used as the theme of the New Year. By the end of the Chongzhen in the late Ming Dynasty, Tianjin Yangliu Qing's New Year's paintings were extremely famous, and the content of the picture became more and more rich.
    The talents in the Qing Dynasty, the themes of the New Year's paintings are more extensive. In addition to the art works such as characters, flowers, landscapes, etc., there are also ironic paintings such as "mouse marrying girls" and "Wang Po scolded chicken", as well as serials composed of post -rest words. The picture is given a sense of humor. There are also various in printing, including wooden boards, stone marks, glue, Chinese paintings, watercolors, patterns, and single -line flat coating. There are charcoal, antique, creation, and even western paintings, such as the "Western Theater" in Gusu Nian painting.
    Plumbers' New Year's paintings, door gods, commonly known as "hi painting". In the old days, people prevailed in the indoor painting, and the households were attached to the door god to wish the New Year Jiqing and drive the evil. New Year's paintings are one of the most popular artworks in China. At the end of the age of time, most places have the custom of posting New Year's paintings, door gods, and couplets to increase the festive atmosphere. New Year's paintings can be used for one year after being replaced or post -post.
    The year's painting is an ancient folk art in China. Like the Spring Festival couplet, it originated from the "door god". According to the "Shan Hai Jing", when Tang Taizong Li Shimin was sick, he often heard the sound of ghost crying in his dreams, so that he could not sleep at night. At this time, the general Qin Shubao and Wei Chigong volunteered for themselves, standing on both sides of the palace gate on the ground. As a result, the palace was safe. Li Shimin believed that the two generals were too hard and couldn't go in their hearts. They ordered the painter to paint the mighty image of their two on the door of the palace, which was called "door god". The Eastern Han Dynasty Cai Yan's "Control" records that the people in the Han Dynasty had the statue of "Shen Tu" and "Yu Bao" on the door of the Han Dynasty, and evolved into the New Year's painting in the Song Dynasty. Later, the folk scrambled to follow the imitation. After several evolution, it formed its own unique style, which is now the New Year's painting. The earliest Chinese New Year painting in China is the Song version of "The Rong Rong Map of the Sui Dynasty".
    Plopon New Year painting is a larger art category in Chinese folk art. From early nature, worship and deity beliefs gradually developed into festivals in the festival customs of exorcism, praying for disasters, joy and joy, and decorating the environment. Express the people's thoughts and emotions and desire to yearn for a better life. The history of the folk year painting has a long history, has a lot of origin, is also very wide, popular, and has a large number of readers. It has developed a very prosperous development. Whether it is content, engraving technology, or artistic style, it has its own distinctive characteristics. It has not only had a profound impact on other categories of folk art, but also combined with other paintings into a mature painting, which has the characteristics of elegant and common appreciation.
    For details, see KE./View/15955 R N

  2. Kaifeng Zhuxian Town Wooden New Year Painting is the originator of Chinese Wooden Edition. It is mainly distributed in Kaifeng, Zhuxian Town and its surrounding areas. In addition, the annual paintings of Tianjin Yangliuqing, Suzhou Taohuawu, and Weifang in Shandong are affected. It is particularly colorful, colorful and bright, long -lasting, strong contrast, ancient and rough, full and compact, and strong generalization. According to the traditional technique composition, the screen has the main time, the object is obvious, the scene characters are cleverly arranged, showing the aesthetic sense of uniform and symmetrical.

  3. Kaifeng Zhuxian Town Wooden New Year Painting is the originator of Chinese Wooden Edition. It is mainly distributed in Kaifeng, Zhuxian Town and its surrounding areas. In addition, the annual paintings of Tianjin Yangliuqing, Suzhou Taohuawu, and Weifang in Shandong are affected. It is particularly colorful, colorful and bright, long -lasting, strong contrast, ancient and rough, full and compact, and strong generalization. According to the traditional technique composition, the screen has the main time, the object is obvious, the scene characters are cleverly arranged, showing the aesthetic sense of uniform and symmetrical.
    The 10 kilometers south of Kaifeng City, Henan Province. Although it was a small town, it was ranked one of the four ancient towns in China in ancient times. Especially in the late Northern Song Dynasty, Yue Fei led the army to break the golden soldiers here, and Zhu Xianzhen was even known to the Chinese people. To commemorate the achievements of Yue Jiajun, a large -scale Yue Wang Temple was built in Zhuxian Town, and now Zhuxian Town Mujin New Year Painting Club is located in this ancient temple. During the Northern Song Dynasty, every New Year, especially the Spring Festival every family, the door god has become a fashion. To pray for the richness of Life, auspicious Ruyi, recruiting wealth and entering the treasure, town evil to remove monsters. Later, the Northern Song Dynasty declined and perished. After several wars, the wooden version of the New Year painting declined. In the Ming Dynasty, although Kaifeng New Year painting was revived, it has gradually moved to Zhuxian Town. In the late Ming Dynasty, the floods flooded, and Kaifeng was flooded, and everything was invalid. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Zhuxian Town had more than 300 wooden version of the New Year painting workshop. His works were sold well. Therefore, the New Year painting in Kaifeng was collectively referred to as "Zhuxian Town Wooden Edition New Year Painting", which was far -reaching.
    The annual painting of Zhuxian Town has five major characteristics: one is rough lines, and the thickness of the thickness; the other is exaggerated image, the head is small; the third is the full composition, the left and right are symmetrical; the fourth is colorful, the contrast is strong; There are many gods, solemn and dignified. The most painted New Year painting in Zhuxian Town is the door god, and the door gods are mainly Qin Qiong and Wei Chi Jingde. Among those large and small door god paintings, the two generals may be different, or their shapes are different, or their shapes are different: the whip, immediately whip, turn around the whip, hold the whip, the knife, the robe, etc., no less than 20 styles. In addition, there are various cultural and martial arts gods. Wenmen God has Wuzi, Jiulian Lantern, Fulu Shou, etc.; Wumen God is often a loyalist and righteous man in the opera and various heroes. Different people's rooms often posted different contents of different contents: Married women's seniors door posted Tianxian, Lian Sheng Guizi, San Niang taught son; middle -aged people's houses and officials Jinlu, Buxie Lianli; elderly rooms The door stickers pine cranes and longevity stars; children's room door posted five sons to win, bangs drama Jin Chan.
    The folk wood portrayal in the Central Plains region in my country. It is named after producing in Zhuxian Town, Henan. In the "Tokyo Menghua Record", during the Northern Song Dynasty, the wooden version of the wood version of the Jingjing area was quite prosperous. Every year, the market was printed with stove horses and door gods. From the middle of the Ming Dynasty to the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, there were more than 300 wooden version of the New Year Painting Workshop in Zhuxian Town, producing door gods and red paper. The style is rough and thick, full of composition, colorful, and exaggerated shapes. The varieties include Wumen God, Wenmen God, idol map, play and hanging note. Wumen Shen is divided into generals, God of Wealth, Warriors, etc.; Wenmen God is divided into blessings, boy and evil spirits. The printed method is mainly carved water -colored pumping, generally a sixth version, some of which are as far as nine editions. The color is mainly warm colors. Most characters have white faces and red eyelids. This is its unique decorative technique. When printing, transparent water colors are used. After printing, the color is slightly displayed in the color, which highlights the artistic characteristics of the wood version of the New Year painting. Now Zhuxian Town has established the Wooden New Year Painting Club.
    "The door gods ride red horses, posted on the door to keep the home; the door god door god carried a big knife, the ghost and the ghost could not come in ..." This is a long -term folk song. And the "door god" is the New Year painting!
    Is when a heart rides the red horse with the red horse from a distant place, I am moved! Touched her far flowing and wind and rain. I am proud! Pride her birthplace is in Kaifeng.
    Speaking of the origin of the wooden version of the door god, first listening to the older people talked about an ancient legend ...
    At that time, Qin Wang Li Shimin led troops to capture Kaifeng. The local father complained to him: haunted in the middle of the city in the city, and the people's days could not be passed. That night, Li Shimin was awakened by nightmares and could not fall asleep. After the general Qin Qiong and Wei Chijingde learned, they held a double -handed and holding a gold whip. As soon as Li Shimin's clever machine moved, the counselor drew the statue of Qin Qiong and Jingde on the two gates to protect the peace of the people.
    Cladder in Zhuxian Town came to Kaifeng and saw the portrait of the general on the gate. After returning, he carved the statue of the two on the pear version of the door god. The carpenter's door god painting was in short supply. Later, the door god developed into the New Year painting for festivals. Since then, Zhuxian Town New Year's paintings have become famous.
    The legend belongs to the legend. History: Chinese wood version of the New Year painting first appeared in Kaifeng during the Northern Song Dynasty.
    "Tokyo Menghua Record" records: Beijing Kaifeng "Near -year, the market is printed on the market gods, Zhong Rong, Tao Ban, Tao Fu, and Wealth Gate blunt donkey, look back at Luma The Song Dynasty was called "paper horse" and "paper painting". Opening the historical long volume "The Qingming Shanghe Tu" will see the "Wangjia Paper Store" door in front of the door of the door "All on the street, use paper to be stacked into the shape of the pavilion". The Northern Song Dynasty Gate Painting was the first in the history of Chinese painting.
    The annual painting of Zhuxian Town in the Ming and Qing Dynasties reached the time of the time.
    "Yue Fei and Zhuxian Town" contains: "Red paper door gods have used the old -fashioned use of the New Year, which is the most famous specialty in the town. In the past, there were more than 300 people in the industry ..." I want to think At that time, there were more than 300 door god shops in Zhuxian Town. Every year in the winter, the merchants of "do the door gods" are gathered in various places. "Gate God Gate Riding Red Horse", Zhuxian Town's wooden version of the New Year painting boarding the grain and river ships, loading the load of peace cars across the province, walking to Shandong, Jiangsu, Hubei, Fujian, Gansu, Ningxia ...
    Enter into The people of the people.
    Pelasia in the middle of the Qing Dynasty, the Yellow River flooded many times in the Central Plains area, and Zhuxian Town was severely affected. By the beginning of the 20th century, there were only more than 70 years in the town.
    The early Republic of China, Zhuxian Town has a depression and a sharp decline in business. There are only more than 40 New Year's Painting Workshops. On the eve of the War of Resistance Against Japan, in order to survive, the New Year's painting industry moved to Bookstore Street, Dananmenli, West Street, East Street, Tujie, and Tujie in Kaifeng City.
    In 1938, the Japanese army occupied Kaifeng, which faded the ancient city, and the annual paintings were closed or transferred. On the eve of liberation, there are few New Year Painting Workshops in the Kaifeng area ...
    . The Republic was established in 1949. A group of art workers and New Year artists created new year paintings of peace and victory. In the early 1960s, Kaifeng organized a group of old artists, and began the work of collecting the ancient version of the new year painting and the creation of the new year painting. In the special period of the "Cultural Revolution", literary and artistic arts were destroyed, and many wooden version of the New Year paintings and old versions were torch.
    Since the 1980s, Kaifeng and Zhuxian Town have established the Wooden New Year Painting Society and Research Society, and have restored several old names. In September 2004, the big brand of the "Chinese New Year Painting Museum of Zhuxian Town" was hung beside the gate of Daguan Temple of Zhuxian Town ...
    This history of Zhuxian Town wood version of the New Year painting reflects the vicissitudes of Chinese history Essence For thousands of years, with the ups and downs of years, the thoughts of future generations have been so long ...
    Wen writer Mr. Feng Jicai said: "The civilization of Chinese farming is related to the rhythm of nature. The ideal and desire to enter people's minds, this psychology is reflected in the culture of the year. The culture of Chinese New Year has a characteristic, that is, the idealization of life as much as possible to make the ideal more lively. It reflects it in New Year's paintings. The amount of cultural information of the New Year's painting is very large, with a large number of auspicious patterns; there are various folk stories and legends; there are a large number of cultural symbols. There is no kind of Chinese art that can be compared with New Year's paintings! "
    Zhu Zhu Xianzhen Mu version of the New Year painting is rough and unrestrained, the plot is simple and concise, the composition is full, the image is simple and vivid, and the color is strong and strong.
    The most in Zhuxian Town's wooden version of the New Year's painting is the door god. The door gods are mainly Qin Qiong and Wei Chi Jingde. The two generals in "Flip" were holding whip, puppets, and one -handed, with a majestic image and a magnificent image. At the beginning of the new year, the door of the thousands of households in the house of the thousands of households was to avoid disasters and disaster. There are more than 20 different specifications and styles with the theme of Qin Qiong and Jingde. This is the boutique of the woodcut door god in Zhuxian Town.
    "Zhong Kui" is another representative work of Zhuxian Town's wood version of the New Year.
    In the story of Zhongnan Mountain priest Zhong Kui. In the painting, Zhong Yan's teeth were stunned, full of beards, anger and crowns, and were very decorative effects, commonly known as Kuitou. People say that such characters can surrender the evil ghosts, and the town protects the house to eliminate disasters and avoid evil. "Town House Zhong Kui" is unique among the Chinese people!
    It to this day, various versions and different packaging Zhuxian Town Wooden Edition New Year Painting Excellence has been coming out. The earth -breed of the Central Plains land shows the vitality of life with a muddy atmosphere and the pure folk customs of Kaifeng Zhuxian Town!
    The first generation of Wenhao Mr. Lu Xun once said: "New Year's painting in Zhuxian Town, Henan ... The carved line is thick and powerful ... without fat powder, the characters have no charming state, very rustic, and have the unique features of the northern New Year painting." Mr. Lu Xun's words are very accurate, and it should be the essence of the art of Zhuxian Town Wooden Edition.
    The production process of opening Zhuxian Town's wood version of the New Year's New Year paintings is very particular. For thousands of years, they have inherited from generation to generation and have been used by teachers and apprentices. A good carving version not only maintains the traditional Chinese line painting, but also reflects the wooden taste of the wood version. The main carving main line is an independent artwork.
    Printer year painting is made of black, yellow, red, dan, green, and purple. The eyes of high -end New Year's paintings and idol paintings, beards, and clothing need to add ink, gold powder, and colors of up to 9 times. Zhuxian Town Wooden Edition New Year Painting is a dialogue between the knife and version. The promoted New Year's paintings make people feel the day when the page is over ... Zhuxian Town's wooden version of the New Year painting has distinctive regional cultural characteristics and strong artistic appeal. Essence
    In statistics, there are more than 500 old -fashioned New Year paintings created by Kaifeng and Zhuxian Town New Year. There are about 100 historical editions that have survived so far. Many famous stores in historical stores are marked with the imprint of the times- "Two -in -Yong", "Tian Chengde", "Two Sky", "Tianyide", "Wan Tong", "Wan Tong", "Jingde Yong", "Tianshunde", "Gaodelon", "Tianxinde", "Yun Ji", "Huichuan", "Tai Shengyuan", "Fusheng Chang" ... Reading the names of these old shops, read a thick book like a product The historical book of the Zhuxian Town Wooden Edition has a vicissitudes ...
    Wooden version of the New Year painting is for folk artists: it was passed down by the older children, and you cannot give up! They see the printed year painting very heavy and heavy. After all, this comes from the folk mascot is irreplaceable. Folk artists can't tell any truth, but they are silently cultivated for the inheritance of Chinese folk culture during the heavy and hard work.
    we saw an old artist named Xin Sihui in Yaopu Village, Zhuxian Town. At the age of 90, he is currently the oldest man in the wood version of the wood version of Zhuxian Town. As soon as the door god who had been printed for a lifetime, the old man came with the spirit and told us that he was called "locomotive" in the workshop circle because of the faster print.
    Then year in Kaifeng, the painter named Guo Taiyun, at the age of 13, he was an apprentice at the "Yun Ji" door god. Listening to him about the Daoxing in the wooden version of the New Year's painting makes you feel the mystery, and then look at him when he printed the New Year's painting, you really can't feel that Master Guo is 76 years old.
    Zhang Tingxu was born in Zhuxian Town Wooden Edition. In the past few years, he has more than 200 sets of sculpture and innovation. A two -foot -long ancestral tailor knife in Master Zhang made the visitor open, but it depends on his sculpting new year painting version. I saw that he was engraved with "cutting", "hee", "branch", and "picking" in his hands.
    The also Zhang Jizhong, Yao Jingtang, Ren Helin, Liu Jinlu, Yin Guoquan ... Let us also remember these people who dedicated to Zhuxian Town's wooden version of the New Year painting. The New Year paintings they printed not only decorated the land of the motherland, but also went to the world. But one of them is worried about how the technique of New Year's painting will be passed on!
    The open and Zhuxian town existing folk artists engaged in wood version of the New Year painting are only 20, and they are over 50 years old. The situation of lack of people was pressed on their hearts, and it was also heavy in the hearts of Zhuxian Town, the hometown of the Chinese wood version of the New Year's painting.
    In October 2002, the world's attention "First China Wood Edition International Academic Symposium" and "Chinese Wood Edition New Year Painting Exhibition" were held in ancient capital Kaifeng and Zhuxian Town, a famous town of history. This activity is called the historic beginning and launch of the "Chinese Folk Cultural Heritage Rescue Project". The wood version of the New Year painting rescue has become the leading project of the "Chinese Folk Cultural Heritage Rescue Project".
    In June 2004, Zhuxian Town's wooden version of the New Year painting was launched as the first folk cultural heritage rescue project in Henan Province in Kaifeng. The author is fortunate to be a member of the compilation group of "Chinese Wooden New Year Painting -Zhuxian Town Volume" and the TV camera team. What I feel is a kind of responsibility and pressure. In the ancient city, the streets and lanes of the famous towns, and the natives of the Mo Mo, we are obsessed with the mysterious and heavy foot marks of China's "door god". Feel the simplicity in the process of the New Year's Painting Workshop; appreciate the magic in the industry's customs and the songs of the song; we slowly do it during the style and years; The three -combined method of text, camera, and camera made static and dynamic visual records of Zhuxian Town Wooden Edition. In June of this year, 60,000 words of manuscripts, nearly a thousand pictures, and 100 minutes of the TV film industry have been completed. With the heavy trust of the people of the hometown, the "Chinese Wooden Edition Painting Integration -Zhuxian Town Volume" has been sent to Beijing.
    The New Year painting of Zhuxian Town is the source of Chinese New Year painting. There are still long -term human cultural memories and information functions that have been passed on. The value of sociology, culture, folklore, and aesthetics of Zhuxian Town Wooden New Year Painting is well deserved by the treasures of Chinese folk culture!
    The New Year Painting of Zhuxian Town, as the rescue project of Chinese folk cultural heritage, is the talent, the old version, and the original ecology of the original ecology. But deeper, the most important thing to rescue should be the interpretation of the connotation of Zhuxian Town's wooden version of the year! Is the conceptual consciousness of treating the Chinese folk cultural heritage! The historical city culture first, Zhuxian Town's wood version of the New Year painting is a precious business card in Chinese folk culture. Of course, she is also the price of our Kaifeng development of the cultural industry!
    "The door god riding a red horse", Zhuxian Town's wooden version of the year is far away ...
    The country attaches great importance to the protection of intangible cultural heritage. Approval of national intangible cultural heritage list. On June 5, 2007, Guo Taiyun in Kaifeng City, Henan Province was determined by the Ministry of Culture. Essence

    , Pingyangmu version of the New Year painting
    The originated from Pingyang Mansion (now Linfen City) on Hedong Road, Shanxi, in ancient times, since the Song, Jin to the Ming Dynasty, and the Qing Dynasty, it has spread widely.
    It Song Dynasty, since Bi Sheng invented the typing printing, my country's carving printing business has appeared unprecedentedly prosperous. When the Northern Song Dynasty died, the Golden Man was based on the carving and book version of the relocation of Liang Liang to Pingyang, so that the printing industry in this area was developed. Pingyang became the center of the carving printing of the Jin Dynasty. The government has set up publishing agencies here to manage private book workshops and book shops, so that the carving printing here has gradually prospered.
    The wood version of the wooden version is a New Year painting printed in the traditional wooden watermark method. Most of the engraved people of the Pingyang Mu version of the New Year paintings are farmers. They usually do farmers and create new year painting sales in their spare time. The Pingyang Mu version of the New Year painting is also one of the origin of the birthplace of the year of my country with Wuqiang in Hebei Wuqiang, Tianjin Yangliuqing, Suzhou Taohuawu and other places.
    The theme of Pingyang Mu version of the New Year painting is mostly based on the customs of the people, myths, legends, flower characters, fish, insects, birds and beasts. Because the wooden version of the New Year is generally used during the New Year or festive festivals, the content is mainly happy and auspicious, and the aesthetic taste of people's longing for a better life and the form of New Year's paintings are changed with practicality and needs. In the wooden version of the year, there are middle hall paintings, door paintings, shadow murals, door paintings, window paintings, screen paintings, stove painting, table skirts, etc. In terms of creative methods and expressions, after a long historical extension, it has formed its own unique expression. The Pingyang Mu version of the New Year painting is not subject to the constraints of natural phenomena and objective cultural relics, but adopts a concentrated summary and romantic expression method. Using the method of focusing on the expressions of the characters and symbolizing the meaning, strive to make the picture complete, exaggerated shapes, vivid images, outstanding themes, and strong decorativeness. In terms of color use, it is not limited by natural light, focusing on the contrast of color, gorgeous, bright, giving people a sense of bold, healthy, and easy.
    The New Year's painting in Pingyang Wood is the heyday in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties. At that time, the New Year paintings were exported to North China, Northwest, Inner Mongolia, and Northeast China. In the city of Linfen alone, it is good for Shun Painting Store, Delong Painting Store, Xingchang Painting Store, etc.; Essence In rural areas, the printed homemade wooden version of the new year paintings are all over the world. Every year, on the urban and rural markets of the counties of Jinnan, there are stalls to set up paintings, sell window flowers, and sell couplets. In recent years, Pingyang Mu version has become more prosperous and entered the international market. More and more Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan compatriots, overseas Chinese, and foreign friends have favored the Pingyang wooden version of the year. It has become a window for people in the world to understand Chinese national culture, especially Shanxi culture.
    [Edit this paragraph] 2. Foshan wood version of the New Year painting
    The main varieties in Foshan Mujin New Year paintings originated from the Yongle period of the Ming Dynasty, the Qianlong, Jiaqing period from the Qing Dynasty to the beginning of the Republic of China and the pre -Japanese war. In the southwestern provinces and all parts of Nanyang, the four major production areas of my country's famous wood version of the wood version of the wooden version of the New Year's New Year painting with Tianjin Yangliuqing, Weifang, and Suzhou.
    Foshan wooden version of the door painting can be divided into gongbi, free pen, wooden version printing, wooden printing line hand -drawn, etc. It has a unique style of full composition, exaggerated shape, strong color, simple and thick lines, rough, simple, and decorated. Its color is mainly red, Zhu Hong (dan color), yellow, and green, and is particularly unique to Foshan's door painting (that is, the color background color).
    This wooden version of Foshan Wood is rich in content. The subject matter and color of the subjects and colors are printed according to different provinces and regions, regional characteristics, customs and preferences. The public posted different types of door paintings according to different places such as doors and houses to express people's pursuit of true, good and beauty.
    [Edit this paragraph] 3. New Yamaguki New Year Painting
    The New Wooden Edition New Year Painting originated in the Northern Song Dynasty and flourished in the middle of the Qing Dynasty. At the moment, the lines are delicate and unique, the printed New Year's paintings are bright and vivid. Its content theme is closely related to the traditional Spring Festival customs. For thousands of years, it has been entrusted by people to pray for happiness, disaster and avoid evil.
    In January 17 this year, there are nine cold days. The National Wooden Edition Painting Seminar held in Henan, as soon as he returned, he couldn't wait to invite Su Tingsheng, the descendant of his friend wood version of the year, the old name of Tianfu Cheng, to discuss how to protect the ancient skills of the wood version of the New Year's Eve. Inheritance.
    The annual painting source in Xinyi County is long. Xinyi County was the place where the country was in the Western Zhou Dynasty. In the spring and autumn, it was called a politics, economy, and cultural town in Shanxi. The second line, the reputation of all walks, during the Northern Song Dynasty, due to the prosperity of the carving and printing industry, the wood version of the year began to rise, and in the middle of the Qing Dynasty reached its heyday. Zhenmu version of the New Year painting is on the same place, representing the paintings of "Spring Bull Picture", "Four Seasons Beauty", "Monkey Running Hat", "Head" and so on. Some old names also have business exchanges with Tianjin Yangliuqing.
    In the 1930s and 1940s, the old names of the new year paintings of the new year of the Xinjian County include the famous seven people and eight families, plus more than a dozen paintings scattered in the countryside. The stories of their ancestors' entrepreneurship have been circulated among the descendants of the old Jingji Bookstore. The engraved printing skills of the New Wooden Edition New Year Painting are very complicated and particular. From drafting drawing to the final printing, a dozen procedures need to be passed. You must also be proficient in the tips for printing printing. If you want to be a full -handed style of a wooden version of the New Year painting, it is by no means a matter of overnight. During the long development process, the new beeper version of the year painting has formed its own unique content, subject matter, and form. style.
    The New Langwood Edition New Year Painting has more than ten types of idols, wealth, opera, beauty, door paintings, four screens, etc. The painting methods are both gongbi and freehand. The version printing, the use of color is simple red and yellow, as well as black, red, yellow, green, and blue. Its content reflects the strong characteristics of the times, and the historical development context is clear.
    , in the 1980s, with the rapid progress of the industrial printing level, the batch -produced industrial year paintings quickly occupied the market. The hand -made new noodle version of the new year paint was too high to fade out of the historical stage. At that time, the painting version scattered in the people was basically destroyed, and many of them were bought by cultural relics at home and abroad.
    At that time, as the curator of the county museum, Ji Yongmao tried to buy and collect more than 170 paintings, and visited its craftsmanship and methods to make this precious folk. The craftsmanship is saved. What is gratifying is that at the time, Guo Quansheng, who was a little rural carpenter in the process of making furniture in the village, saw some wooden version of the New Year painting, and was deeply attracted by this ancient and exquisite art. At the beginning, on the road of inheritance and innovative wood version of the New Year painting art.
    . More than ten spring and autumn, Guo Quansheng was fascinated with painting and engraving skills, invested tens of thousands of yuan to collect painting version and purchase raw materials, but his behavior was not understood by people, but Guo Quansheng did not change his heart. He feels that such a good art will be re -attention by the world.
    In recent years, as the state has paid more and more attention to the intangible cultural heritage, ancient arts such as Luzhou Gulo and Cheng Ni in Xinzheng County have not only been rescued, protected, but also moved to the market to form industrialization. Bringing popularity for the local area also brings considerable economic effects, but the wooden version of the New Year painting has not received much attention. Prior to 2008, in the National Intangible Cultural Heritage List published by the state, there were 12 projects on the wood version of the New Year painting, but the New Year's Wood Edition New Year Painting List was named.
    In 2007, Xinyi County carried out a bottom -up and sorting of the historical and cultural heritage of the county. The wooden version of the year has attracted people's attention. On January 15 this year, the county recommended Guo Quansheng to participate in the National Wood Edition Year Painting Seminar. And sincerely invited Feng Jicai to come here for inspection. Feng Yancai proposed that the urgent prince was to rescue and protect, quickly apply for the national intangible cultural heritage, and then bundle the application of the world intangible cultural heritage with other places in the wood version of the wooden version of the year. Now the Xinyi County Government is in a census and collection of the relevant situation of the wooden version of the year, and put forward some protection opinions. For people of insight, the confidence of inheriting and innovating the ancient skills is even more confident.
    The new noodle version of the newly -made new year paintings created by the Chinese nation's unique imagination and typical methods, like a pearl, once lost to the dust of history, and in the reincarnation of the years and the guardian of the people of insight, it re -re -reinforced by the guardianship of the people of insight. It shows a beautiful face to the world. It is gratifying that the local government is scientifically excavated and organized this heritage in a conscious, sober and comprehensive spirit. It is believed that it will be continued and inherited well.

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